In most cases, fibroids are only treated if they are causing symptoms. Treatment options range from medications to invasive surgery. Hysterectomy is the most common surgical procedure for fibroids, and in fact fibroids are the most common reason for hysterectomies. A hysterectomy eliminates the potential for recurrence of fibroids, but also eliminates the possibility of a woman getting pregnant in the future. There are other less invasive procedures for treating fibroids.
None of the drug therapies for uterine fibroids get rid of them entirely. Some of the drugs work by lowering estrogen and placing the woman in a state similar to menopause. The lowered estrogen may shrink the fibroids and relieve symptoms. Other methods of treatment, such as using contraceptive pills, have been shown to control excessive menstrual bleeding, but do not affect the size of the fibroid.
Minimally invasive and surgical options
There are several minimally-invasive and surgical options for the treatment of uterine fibroids. Minimally invasive surgeries generally feature less blood loss, shorter hospital stays, smaller incisions for minimal scarring and less need for pain medication than traditional open surgery. The best surgical option for each woman, whether open or minimally-invasive, is reserved for case-by-case evaluation.
Fibroids are a common condition which can be painful and debilitating. But there is hope; fibroids are treatable and are not likely to cause long-lasting harm. Women who exhibit symptoms of having fibroids should see their healthcare provider as soon as possible to get treatment.